Cappadocia: 18 Top Things To Do (Ultimate Guide)

In this ultimate guide to Cappadocia, we list the top things to do there, as well as share all travel tips on how to get there, around, and more.
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Arijana & Matej
Arijana & Matej

Croatian-Slovenian full-time travel duo, photographers, bloggers and travel journalists for over 4 years. We write in-depth travel guides about destinations we have personally visited, providing practical travel tips and recommendations.

Arijana Tkalčec and Matej Špan watching hot air balloons for sunrise in Cappadocia

About Cappadocia

Cappadocia is a fascinating region in the heart of Turkey that offers exciting outdoor activities like hot air ballooning, as well as an insight into the unique history of this area with numerous world-famous sights to see.

UNESCO declared Cappadocia a World Heritage Site to preserve this special area. And it’s definitely one of the most unique landscapes in the world.

Hot air balloon flying in front of Uchisar castle in Cappadocia

You can visit most tourist attractions in Cappadocia that require tickets with a Turkish Museum Pass.

If you plan to visit several museums and archeological sites in Turkey, the Museum Pass is a great way to save some money and time, as you can essentially skip the lines.


Check out the Turkey Museum Passes at

Top things to do in Cappadocia


1. Go on a hot air balloon ride

The top thing to do in Cappadocia is to go on a hot air balloon ride above the fascinating landscape in the heart of Turkey, a true bucket-list experience.

Watch our full experience in our YouTube video.

Cappadocia is one of the most popular places for hot air balloon flights globally. And it’s because around 150 balloons fly above Goreme at once almost every day.

In addition, there are about 260 days a year that you can fly. It looks as if a ballooning festival is taking place every morning in Goreme.


Hot air balloons take off from Goreme, Cappadocia

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2. Explore Derinkuyu Underground City

One of the most fascinating attractions in Cappadocia is the Derinkuyu Underground City which used to be able to house over 2000 people with all the amenities they would need.

Derinkuyu is the deepest and largest underground city in the world, and you can walk down five levels of its incredible cave system.

Derinkuyu Underground City, Cappadocia

We visited Derinkuyu by ourselves, but we can imagine that a tour would be a good idea, as there aren’t any signs with information. So it’s hard to understand which room you are in at times. We were lucky and picked up some extra information by eavesdropping on a tour there at the time.

Read More

Read all about it in our article: Derinkuyu Underground City

Plan to spend about 1 hour to max 90 minutes exploring the Derinkuyu Underground City.


The ticket price for visiting Derinkuyu Underground City is about 5 USD.

The opening hours of Derinkuyu Underground City are 8 am to 7 pm in the summer, and 8 am to 5 pm in the winter

There are a lot of underground cities in Cappadocia, some claim around 30, but there are possibly hundreds, according to some sources.

Some of the most popular underground cities to visit in Cappadocia are:

  • Derinkuyu Underground City
  • Kaymaklı Underground City
  • Özkonak Underground City
  • Mazı Underground City


3. Visit Zelve Open Air Museum

Zelve Open Air Museum is a truly unique site as it was once home to one of the largest communities in Cappadocia and has been very well preserved.

Zelve Open Air museum, Cappadocia

Enjoy exploring Zelve’s ruins and imagine what life was like for the people who resided here centuries ago.

Inside Zelve Open Air museum in Cappadocia

Zelve Open Air Museum is much less crowded than the Goreme Open Air Museum as it’s a bit further out from Goreme but still offers everything and more.

You can explore Zelve Open Air Museum comfortably in about 1 hour to 1 hour and a half.


The ticket price for visiting Zelve Open Air Museum is around 3 USD.

The opening hours of Zelve Open Air Museum are 8 am to 5 pm.

Tip: There is a restaurant at the entrance to Zelve Open Air Museum, and you can enjoy some delicious pomegranate or orange juice, as well as tasty Gözleme (Turkish pancake, but better).

Arijana Tkalčec and Matej Špan on a hot air balloon flight in Cappadocia

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4. Visit Goreme Open Air Museum

Goreme Open Air Museum is one of the most popular things to do in Cappadocia and is full of cave houses and churches open to visitors to walk around and explore these old buildings for themselves.

You can explore Goreme Open Air Museum comfortably in about 1 hour and a half, but you can also see most of the main spots in about 30 minutes if you’re tight on time.


The ticket price for visiting Goreme Open Air Museum is around 8 USD.

The opening hours of the Goreme Open Air Museum are 8 am to 5 pm.

Cappadocia Open Air Museum

5. Climb Ortahisar Castle

The Ortahisar Castle is an incredible place to visit if you’re looking to take in some of the best views of Cappadocia. You can see Uchisar Castle and other nearby landmarks from the top of Ortahisar.

The climb up to the top of Ortahisar Castle takes only 5 minutes and is not too hard. While climbing Ortahisar Castle, you also have to walk up a steep staircase on the exterior of the castle at one point.

Aerial view of Ortahisar castle

Since Ortahisar Castle closes at 6 pm, you will only be able to stay for sunset if you’re visiting in October or later. This was the case when we visited. We had just about enough time to see the sun go down before we had to rush to the exit. We managed to leave a few minutes after the closing time.

This castle was our favorite because the climb was much more fun than just walking up the stairs at Uchisar.

Plan to spend about 1 hour at Ortahisar Castle.


The ticket price for visiting Ortahisar Castle is very low, only about 2 USD.

The opening hours of Ortahisar Castle are 8 am to 6 pm

6. Take in the views at Uchisar Castle

Uchisar Castle is one of the most well-known and iconic castles in Cappadocia. It’s heavily photographed and has stunning views of the surrounding landscape, especially at sunset. 

Aerial view of Uchisar castle, Cappadocia
View from Uchisar castle in Cappadocia
On top of Uchisar Castle

The views of Uchisar Castle are so popular that locals have built cafes around it to serve those who want to enjoy picturesque views with a cup of coffee.

We enjoyed a meal at Dream Spot Cappadocia Restaurant, which has great food and an amazing view of the Uchisar Castle.

Matej Špan at the Dream Spot overlooking Uchisar in Cappadocia

Plan to spend about 1 hour on your visit to Uchisar Castle, or 2 to 3 hours if you also want to go for lunch or drink in a cafe or restaurant nearby.


The ticket price for visiting Uchisar Castle is about 2 USD.

The opening hours of Uchisar Castle are 7:30 am to 8 pm.

Arijana Tkalčec on Kekova boat tour in Turkey

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7. Visit Cavusin Castle

Just a bit outside Goreme is the town of Cavusin and the Cavusin Castle, which was built right into a mountain, and it’s a spectacular site to visit for free.

Cavusin Castle in Cappadocia

8. Observe fairy chimneys

Fairy chimneys in Cappadocia are a unique natural rock formation created when volcanic tuff (soft, porous rock) is hardened by the surrounding lava, then eroded by wind and rain to form the so-called chimneys.

Tip: There are different spots in Goreme and around Cappadocia where you can see the fairy chimneys.

Twin Fairy Chimneys just outside of Ürgüp are the most popular, but it’s often overcrowded. It’s a cool spot to visit, but maybe think twice if you’re coming in the high season. We skipped those, as we saw many elsewhere, for example, at Pasabag Valley.

9. Hike the Red Valley and Red Valley Viewpoint

Red Valley in Cappadocia is a beautiful valley that gets its name from the red-colored rocks that look especially amazing for sunset.

You can spend anywhere from 30 minutes up to a few hours at the Red Valley since you can either hike the valley, stay at the viewpoint above it, or hike to the even higher hill above the viewpoint.


The Red Valley has an entrance ticket only if you come by car, and it costs less than 1 USD. 

10. Visit the Love Valley

The Love Valley in Cappadocia is one of the world’s most unusual sights, with interesting natural rock formations that resemble the male private organ. 😉

Understandably, it’s the most popular spot for wedding shoots.

Camper at Love Valley, Cappadocia


There is no entrance ticket to visit the Love Valley in Cappadocia, and you only have to pay about 0.5 USD if you’re coming by car to the panoramic view at the upper part.

Exploring the Love Valley on foot is free.

Plan to spend about 1 hour at Love Valley.

11. Visit the Sword Valley

Just outside Goreme, you can find the Sword Valley. And it’s right next to the take-off spot for hot air balloons, so it’s a great spot for taking photos.


There is no entrance ticket or opening hours for the Sword Valley.

Sword Valley Cappadocia

12. Visit the Pasabag Valley (Valley of Monks)

The Pasabag Valley, or Valley of Monks, is one of the most interesting valley sites in Cappadocia, located near the Zelve Open Air Museum, with many rock formations to explore.

One of the most famous photo spots in Cappadocia is right inside the Pasabag Valley, as you can get up close to them. Plan to spend about 30 to 45 minutes at Pasabag Valley.

Pasabag Valley Cappadocia aerial view


The ticket for Pasabag Valley can be bought as a combo ticket with the Zelve Open Air Museum ticket.

Before 2022 there was no ticket, but we got an update from Anna Holzer in the comments after her visit that now there is one.

If you also have any updates or comments for Cappadocia or any other destination we covered, please let us know. We’re always happy to share them with others. ♥

13. Learn about pigeons at Pigeon Valley

Cappadocia’s Pigeon Valley is a glimpse into the history and culture of raising pigeons in this part of the world. Here, you can see the dovecotes, houses made for pigeons.

In Cappadocia, pigeons have been used as food and fertilizer since ancient times. With poor soil, the use of pigeons was integral to their economy.

Plan to spend only about 15 minutes at Pigeon Valley if you stay at the viewpoint by the souvenir shops or about 2 hours if you go for a hike in the beautiful valley. You can hike the Pigeon Valley all the way to Goreme.


There is no entrance ticket or opening hours for the Pigeon Valley in Cappadocia.

14. Go on an ATV Tour

A very popular activity in Cappadocia is an ATV tour that takes you around the valley. It’s a super cool way to explore the area.

ATV tour in Cappadocia


15. Go Horseback Riding

Horseback riding in Cappadocia is one of the most famous activities, and you can do it in different locations, with some even going up the hill at Red Valley.

Tip: As always, please make sure to do proper research and go horseback riding only with reputable companies that treat their animals well.

Horseback riding in Cappadocia


16. Hike Cappadocia’s trails

Cappadocia is a great place for hiking, with many known trails all around the area. These trails are easily accessible by foot.

Hiking trails in Cappadocia offer stunning views of the valleys and mountains and pass by historical sites such as churches, schools, and homes from centuries ago. Hiking is a great way to enjoy the beautiful landscape of Cappadocia.


17. Watch sunrise and sunset

There are so many great places to watch the sunrise and sunset in Cappadocia. 

Read on to learn more about all the best viewpoints in Goreme and around.

Lover’s Hill

The Lover’s Hill viewpoint directly above Goreme town is the easiest one to get to, and that’s why it’s also the most crowded one. But rightly so, as it does give you a unique view of the beautiful scenery around.

Lovers hill viewpoint above Goreme in Cappadocia

Red Valley viewpoint

We loved the Red Valley viewpoint in Cappadocia the most because you can either stay down by the parking lot or do a short hike for maybe 15 minutes to get to the top of the hill with a flagpole. The views from there are to die for!

Sunset at Red Valley in Cappadocia

Love Valley Panorama

Early in the morning, it’s common to see balloons flying over the Love Valley, and that’s why the panorama there is a perfect choice, as you can get up close to them.

Viewpoint right outside Goreme

Along with Love Valley’s viewpoint, the one right outside Goreme town is the one we liked the most and visited for two sunrises.

Arijana Tkalčec and Matej Špan watching hot air balloons for sunrise in Cappadocia

It offers a great view of the valley below where the balloons are taking off. You can walk along the ridge and get some amazing photos! Also, balloons will fly really close to this spot.

Best sunrise viewpoint in Cappadocia

Viewpoint on the west side of the valley

There are countless viewpoints around Goreme, and for one sunrise, we decided to pick a spot on the west side of the valley. You just drive from the main street towards the hills for a few minutes to reach one of these spots. Finding a rocky outcrop that will suit you should be easy.

Hotel terrace

There are so many great viewpoints all around Goreme, but don’t forget about the most accessible one, your hotel terrace (if it has one!). We realized the last night that our hotel Seven Stone Hotel had a big rooftop. So the next morning, we enjoyed watching the sunrise and balloons lift off from right there.

18. Visit Lake Tuz

While Lake Tuz salt lake is not part of Cappadocia, it’s often included in people’s list of attractions to visit there, as it’s the second largest lake in Turkey with great photo opportunities.

Depending on when you visit, the color of Lake Tuz can be different from the recognizable pink you might see online. It also wasn’t pink when we visited.

Also, depending on the year and time of year, the water level can be low to the extent that you would have to walk a long way out to get to the water. You will only know the best spot when you get there and see it for yourself.

Sunset at Lake Tuz in Turkey

You can visit Lake Tuz by car or on one of the tours going from Goreme.


Best time to visit Cappadocia

The best time to visit Cappadocia is between April and October when the weather conditions are at their best for sightseeing.

The winter season is also a great time to visit Cappadocia since it’s less crowded, and the snow-covered landscape is a sight to be seen.

Though in the winter, the weather is a bit more unpredictable, so there might be more hot air balloon flight cancellations.

Hot balloons flying with Uchisar castle in the background in Cappadocia

Arijana Tkalčec and Matej Špan on a hot air balloon flight in Cappadocia

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Where to stay in Cappadocia?

Cappadocia is famous for its cave houses that people lived in for more than 3000 years, and in which you can stay now. These cave houses are usually carved into the rock of cliffs and hills.

The terraces of most Goreme cave houses offer a panoramic view of the area and provide an excellent opportunity to take some truly unique photographs.


Book your stay: Goreme top-rated Hotels

Beyond the cave houses of Cappadocia, you can find a great selection of budget and luxury hotels.

We stayed at Seven Stone Hotel, which is among the cheaper options. Still, it offered a very tasty Turkish breakfast and a great terrace on the rooftop from which you can observe the balloons.

Watching hot air balloons from hotel terrace in Cappadocia

Where to eat in Cappadocia?

Cappadocia is the perfect place for all foodies. The region has a variety of restaurants, both traditional and international, serving a wide range of cuisines.

Cappadocia has something for everyone: from vegetarian to vegan options, from Turkish to Italian dishes.

If you’re looking for something more traditional, there are plenty of kebab shops and doner places to choose from.

We frequented the Fat Boys restaurant, which offers traditional and international food, vegetarian options, and a delicious lentil soup. The staff was super friendly, and the owner’s wife is Australian, so don’t be surprised if you find interesting items like Vegemite on the menu.

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How to get to Cappadocia?

Traveling to Cappadocia is easy, simply fly into the Nevsehir or Kayseri airport and catch a taxi or shuttle to Goreme, where you will most likely stay.

The accommodations you book in Goreme are generally able to organize a ride from the airport. 

Bus Ticket

The shuttle from Kayseri Airport to Goreme takes 70 minutes and costs about 10 USD.

The shuttle from Nevsehir Airport to Goreme takes 40 minutes and costs about 8 USD.

The airport shuttle service in Cappadocia is effective and frequent, and you will get picked up by a reliable driver at the airport right after landing. Cappadocia’s airports are not very big. So it’s easy to see the airport shuttle bus waiting for you when you get off the plane and exit the terminal.


How to get around Cappadocia?

Cappadocia is a popular tourist destination, and there are many ways to explore the region. You can rent a car or scooter and explore the area on your own or go on an organized tour.

Renting a car in Cappadocia is the best option and gives you more freedom and flexibility to explore the region. The prices of renting a car in Cappadocia start from around 30 USD per day. 

Car rental in Cappadocia

Also, don’t worry about driving in Cappadocia, as the roads are great. In addition, everything is easily accessible by a regular car, and you do not need a 4×4 vehicle. If you do want to go offroad, then we’d suggest an ATV.

You can also access tourist sites with a private full-day Cappadocia tour by car.


Balloons in Cappadocia flying low in Goreme

Cappadocia tours and activities

Cappadocia’s tours and activities are well organized and the most common way to explore it to the fullest.


How long should I spend in Cappadocia?

Cappadocia is best explored in 3-5 days, the perfect duration for a hot air balloon ride, seeing fairy chimneys, climbing the castles, and exploring the open-air museums, valleys, and an underground city.

Of course, staying in Cappadocia for more than just a few days will give you plenty more things to do.

Arijana Tkalčec at Ortahisar castle viewpoint

Prices in Cappadocia

Budget Hotel: $30 – $40 / nightInexpensive meal: $3 – $5Taxi 1km: $0.5
Luxury Hotel: $100 – $250 / nightMid-range meal: $5 – $10Car rental: $30 – $45
Cappadocia budget overview

Is Cappadocia safe?

Cappadocia is a very safe destination for everyone, and you can explore it without any worry. It’s easy to see why Cappadocia is one of the most popular tourist destinations globally!

Arijana Tkalčec and Matej Špan on a hot air balloon flight in Cappadocia

Need reliable Travel Insurance for Turkey?

With 24/7 worldwide assistance, Heymondo insurance includes comprehensive coverage for medical expenses, trip cancellations, and baggage loss or delay.

For digital nomads or full-time travelers, we recommend SafetyWing, which includes brief visits to your home country every 3 months abroad.

Is Cappadocia worth visiting?

Cappadocia is definitely worth visiting for its amazing landscape full of historical sites, many attractions, and activities, including hot air balloon rides, incredible rock formations, and underground cities like Derinkuyu.

Things not to do in Cappadocia

There is a lot to do in Cappadocia, but there are also some things that you definitely should not do on your visit:

  • Book a room in Cappadocia in winter without heating
  • Miss any sunrises in Cappadocia
  • Ride horses or camels from unethical businesses
  • Book only one night if you want to fly in a hot air balloon

Hopefully we answered all your questions about visiting Cappadocia and prepared you for a wonderful trip!

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Arijana & Matej
Arijana & Matej

Full-time travelers, photographers, bloggers and travel journalists.

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We're Arijana and Matej, a couple and travel blogging duo from Croatia and Slovenia who thrive while slow-traveling. And we have been doing it for over 4 years.

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Have a question or an update you would like to share with others?

2 Responses

  1. Hey guys,
    Thank’s for your amazing blog! It gave us a lot of inspiration for our time in Cappadocia.
    Just wanted to add that, in the meantime, an entrance fee to Pasabag Valley was implemented – however, it is a combi-ticket with Zelve open air museum (which we highly recommend as well). So, if you are smarter than us and you visit both at the same day, you only have to pay once 😀

    1. Hi Anna, You’re so very welcome! It’s why we do this. 🙂

      Thank you so much for the update, we’ll add it to the blog.

      And yeah, it’s definitely smart to visit both Zelve and Pasabag at the same time, as they’re so close to each other. We did the same mistake so many times, so I get you! 😂


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